Home History and Facts

What are the Types of Ceiling Materials?

dropped ceiling tiles

A ceiling does not only provide support to the upper floor of the house or the roof, but it also enhances the look of a room and a hallway if the right ceiling colors are used to match the wall’s overall look. Without a ceiling, a room wouldn’t look complete. That is why builders pay close attention to the materials that they use for it because if they use subpar or inferior materials, the ceiling would eventually collapse and would lead to bigger problems for the house.

But what are the best materials to have for the ceiling? Here are some of the most popular types of ceiling materials that you should know if you’re going to renovate your home or if you’re building your dream house.

Ceiling Tiles

Ceiling tiles are what you would usually see in houses and buildings because they are the most widely available, and they are not that expensive compared to other materials.

While they are installed directly under joists or the support to the upper floor, some structures utilize ceiling tiles to build dropped or suspended ceilings.

To build a dropped ceiling, one end of the hanger wires would be bolted on the real ceiling and at the other end of these wires, several beams would be put in place, creating a checkered pattern suspended below the ceiling. Once the frame of the suspended ceiling is built, the ceiling tiles would them be added between the beams, and after completion, the dropped ceiling would look like it is the real ceiling of the structure.

Dropped ceilings are often applied to offices to hide unsightly pipes or electrical wirings that are usually located below the real ceiling. This type of ceiling also allows devices like speakers and smoke detectors to be applied to the ceiling, and their wires or cables will be neatly hidden away from view if they are placed on top of the tiles.

Typical ceiling tiles nowadays are made of mineral fiber that can have inherent noise reduction qualities, which is another reason why it is used in offices and apartments.

Ceiling Tins

tin ceiling of a store

Ceiling tins, which are tiles that are constructed using plates of tin, became the most used material during the late 19th century and early 20th century in North America before mineral fiber tiles became popular.

One of the most interesting things about ceiling tins is that they are usually decorated with embossed or debossed patterns, which allows the ceilings to stand out in the room or hallway. It was also utilized as an alternative to wooden panels during the period of their popularity because they are less expensive.

Due to the events of World War II in the late 1930s and early 1940s, tin became scarce because almost every piece of the material are used to manufacture military equipment. Due to the shortage of tin, the ceiling tin’s popularity quickly faded and was subsequently replaced with mineral fiber variant.

However, the ceiling tin has experienced a resurgence in modern architecture, and you will now see tin ceilings in some museums and other large structures, but it is rare for houses to use the material because of its high cost.

Wooden Panels

wooden planks glued together to form a ceiling

Wooden panels that are installed in ceilings will surely give your room a classic look. They are traditionally applied vertically, but you can also install the panel diagonally to make it look different from its standard appearance.

In addition, they are available in different shapes and sizes, but the common kinds of wooden panel used in houses today are the wooden plank and the square-shaped panel that looks similar to a regular ceiling tile in terms of its dimensions.

Drywall

drywall applied in ceiling

A material commonly used in walls, the drywall is also applied in ceilings to lessen the time to build it since the material can already be bought premade and can easily be installed to parts of a room using gluing items.

Ceiling tiles can take a lot of time to install, but if you use drywall instead, it would be easier for the builders to finish your ceiling, and it also won’t take a lot of manpower to apply each drywall.

Drywall is made of gypsum, also known as calcium sulfate dihydrate, and thick sheets of backer and facer paper. Gypsum is proven to be a very rigid material, which will make your ceiling sturdier and more durable.

There are several types of drywall to choose from. The most common type is the regular drywall that is white in color and is the cheapest compared to other kinds of drywall. There is also the green board drywall and the purple board drywall, which are both used for bathrooms or kitchens because of their high water-resistance and mold-resistance.

The most expensive types of drywall include Type X (drywall that can withstand fire for four hours) and Type C (similar to the Type X but has better fire-resisting properties).

Stenciled Plaster

artwork produced using plaster

If you want your ceiling to look more elegant, then you can ask the builder to apply plaster below a tile or drywall.

Often called stucco if used for decorating purposes, plaster is a material used to add texture to walls or ceilings, and it is made out of construction aggregates, water, and a binding agent. If you have a plain white ceiling, you can add a little bit more flair to it by stenciling designs using plaster.

These are a few of the most used types of ceiling materials available in the market. Some might say that one material is the best, while others will mention that another material is better, but it all comes down to personal preference as to what you think is the most suitable for your home.

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