What are the Different Types of Windows?


If you are getting a house built, one of the important parts that you need to focus on is the windows. The main functions of windows are to let in light and provide some ventilation. But aside from those common functions, windows can vary in many ways. There are windows that are easier to open, there are windows that are perfect for broad views, and there are windows which are good for airflow. Different windows also have various looks to fit a house’s architectural design or decorative style.

If you are looking for windows for your new house or replacing your old ones, there are tons of options for window and door in ontario to fit in your home style or budget. Each kind of window also serves a different purpose. To help you, here are the different types of windows that you can choose from.

Single-Hung Windows

Single-hung windows are one of the most common types of windows you can find. They have a bottom window panel or lower sash that moves up and down while its upper sash remains stationary. It means that when you open it, the upper sash will be covered on the inside. Single-hung windows usually cost between $170 to $360 per window, but the price depends on certain factors, such as the brand, size, and materials used.

Double-Hung Windows

Double-hung windows are similar to single-hung windows, but its lower sash and upper sash can both be moved up and down. They also usually tilt out for easy cleaning and maintenance. This is also a very common type of window for houses. It can cost a bit more than single-hung windows. The main advantage that you can get from this type of window is better ventilation. Since both sashes can be opened about halfway, the air can flow in through the lower opening and out through the upper opening naturally.

Awning Windows

Awning windows are those that can be opened by pivoting from the top of the window sash. It is usually operated by a crank. This type of window is typically paired with large picture windows, and they can be placed along the bottom, sides, or top of the picture window to provide ventilation. Awning windows can also be placed above doors, like transom windows. However, since this type of window opens out, they are not recommended to be installed near walkways and other traffic areas as they can obstruct the traffic path.

Casement Windows

Casement windows open out like awning windows but pivot from side hinges. Most of these windows have fairly large glass panes, which can give ample light that is uninterrupted by bars or other framings. This type of window offersa more open ventilation area compared to other types. When it is closed and locked, it can make a very effective seal for improved energy performance. However, just like awning windows, it should not be placed near walkways and traffic areas.

Picture Windows

Picture windows are perfect for places where airflow is not important. It’s because picture windows do not open. They are usually large glass expanses that occupy the center portion of a wall to provide wide views and ample sunlight. They are perfect for high windows in two-story foyers. Since they do not open, they are less prone to air leakage compared to operable windows. However, their large glass panes can lose or gain a lot of heat, even when you use an energy-efficient double-pane.

Slider Windows

Slider windows are those that open sideways. Just like casement windows, this type also offers clear views and ample ventilation. However, it cannot be sealed as tightly as casements. This type of window is commonly used for egress windows in basements and below-grade bedrooms because of their large openings and easy operation. Also, utility windows found on tops of basement walls are usually sliders. These are quite simple windows and do not have any mechanical parts other than the lock. It also has very basic seals and no tensioning mechanism. Its simplicity makes it one of the least expensive window types.

Bay Windows

Bay windows are a great resource for architects to build angles and projections on a building structure. This type of window allows light to enter at different angles. Most of them can also be opened for airflow. Bay windows are mostly used in family rooms and kitchens where the large sill of the window can be used as a window seat or as a place for plants to grow.

Jalousie Windows

Jalousie windows are inexpensive options for places with warm weather, especially if air conditioning is not needed. It has glass slats set in metal clips that you can open and closed in unison, just like louvers. This type of window can provide maximum airflow. However, they are usually narrow and offer limited views. They are also less secure compared to other types of windows.

Transom Windows

Transom windows are also similar to awning windows. However, most modern models of transom windows today are inoperable. They are always installed above another window or door to let in additional light. Sometimes, they are also placed for architectural appeal and to increase natural light in homes.

Arched Windows

Arched windows are those that have rounded tops, which add architectural design to homes. Most of the arched windows today cannot be opened or closed. However, some of them can be opened the same way a casement window is opened. But most are installed above standard windows to provide ventilation.

Egress Windows

Egress windows are designed for safety. This type of window is usually something that will provide you’re an escape route in case of emergency, such as a fire that prevents you from exiting through a door. Most of the time, egress windows are installed in the basement of the house. In fact, there are countries that require the installation of an egress window in homes for safety laws. However, it may require an area to be excavated to be able to be installed properly.

Glass Block Windows

Glass block windows are usually used as accents and added to a section of the house to increase light flow. They are commonly frosted or adorned with a patterned design, which provides light and privacy at the same time. Glass block windows are perfect to be used in bathrooms, basements, and other private spaces you have at home.

Hopper Windows

Hopper windows are those that open from the top and usually crank open to tip down. They are perfect for compact spaces, such as basements and bathrooms. This type of window can also provide excellent insulationbecause they seal up against the frame when closed and locked.

Skylight Windows

Skylight windows are perfect for those who want to add more natural light to their homes but have limited options with their exterior walls. It is essentially a window that is installed on the roof, just like a roof vent.

Storm Windows

Storm windows are exterior windows that are installed in the same frame as your current windows. They add a layer of blocking out drafts and heat loss, perfect for the cold weather. These windows are also great for places that get inclement weather.

These are some of the different types of windows that you can choose from for your home. Each of them serves a different purpose and can match different styles and designs of homes. We hope this will help you in choosing the perfect window for your home.

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