Floods: unpredictable and destructive
Like any other natural disasters, floods can be unpredictable and destructive. Even in regions that have never seen a drop of rain, the possibility of floods is not that far away.
Floods create vast destruction as well as casualties and injuries. They also cause the cessation of essential services like water and electricity, damage major infrastructure and property, and destroy livelihoods.
Here are some safety tips to prepare yourself for the rising water, as well as tips to follow when the flood has begun to sweep or has swept your area.
5 Flood Prevention Tips
Before flood strikes:
- Avoid erecting structures in the floodplain, especially near the rivers
- Build barriers to prevent food from entering your home or property. Examples oare levees, beams and floodwalls
- If your home has a basement, protect it by sealing its walls with waterproofing compounds to prevent water from seeping into it.
- Keep abreast on the weather news and information especially if you live in a flood-prone area. Listen to the radio, watch television, or update yourself on the weather reports online.
- A little information about floods themselves would really help. Know the difference between flood warning and flood watch. A flood warning means the flood is happenning or will occur very soon, while a flood watch means there is a possibility of floods coming to your area.
When a flood is imminent:
- Be prepared and be alert. Have your bag (read our bug-out bag topic in another hub) or survival kit with essential items in case you had to evacuate. Such items that shouldn’t be forgotten to pack inside your bag include medications and important documents, aside from certain foodstuffs, clothing, shelter, and tools.
- If you are advised to leave your home, follow the orders and do so right away.
- If a flash flood is possible, move to higher structure or a higher ground immediately. You can also move your furniture to the upper floor of your house.
- Disconnect electrical appliances, and turn off your home’s main switches or valves.
When a flood strikes
- If possible do not wad through moving water. When the water rises as little as six inches (15 centimeters) this can already make you stumble or fall.
- But if you had to walk through water, make sure the water is not flowing. To test the firmness of the ground you have to walk on, use a stick.
- Do not drive in flooded areas at all costs. If your car is beginning to get flooded, get out of the car and immediately move to a higher, safer place if possible.
- Do not touch electrical equipment if you are standing in water or if your feet are wet.
After the flood
- Be updated on the news reports to know if the water supply in your area is safe to drink. Do not drink or bathe in floodwater, for they may most likely be contaminated. Avoid moving water as well.
- Be aware of the areas where floodwater has subsided, especially when you are about to drive. Roads may have been weakened due to the floodwater and may collapse under the weight of vehicles.
- Avoid walking on and around downed power lines, for they may still likely be live ones. Report to the to the electrical company if you’ve seen fallen power lines.
- Don’t consider staying in any buildings if they are still surrounded by floodwater.
- Return home only if being told by authorities.
- As soon as possible, address and fix septic tanks, cesspools, pits and any damaged sewage system that can be hazardous to health.
- Mud left by the floodwater can contain traces of sewage, gasoline or any chemicals so it is a must that you clean and disinfect everything that have gotten wet.
Flood Prevention Tips