Experiencing roof leaks as a homeowner can be quite distressing. Your home, which should be keeping you safe and protected from the elements, can unexpectedly let in rain and snow. However, roof leaks typically develop over time as shingles age and wear down. Missing shingles, compromised flashing, or areas requiring roof sealant, tar, or caulk may be the culprits. When leaks occur, quick and correct action is crucial to prevent potential water damage.
Here are the steps you may need to undertake when dealing with leaky roofs:
1. Protect your stuff by moving them away or covering them
When your roof springs a leak, it can lead to damage to your attic, ceilings, and your belongings. You definitely don’t want your treasured items to be ruined by a nasty leak. If the leak is dripping onto your bed, clothes, or furniture, it’s time to clear the area to limit the damage. Prevent water stains by using a bucket or tarp to shield items like carpets and furniture that can’t be relocated. Dealing with a leak is stressful already, so don’t let it harm your belongings too. Act quickly and clear the area.
2. Contain the leaking water
If your roof is leaking, gather the water. Find buckets, trash cans, basins, rags, even kiddie pools—anything that can hold water. The goal is to corral the water and minimize its impact and potential damage. Don’t forget; this water can harm your floors too. Set up multiple containers to catch the drips and make sure to empty them regularly to prevent overflowing. And if a container fills up, switch it out for an empty one.
3. Check your attic or crawlspace
If your house has an attic or crawlspace, you need to check it out. Shine a flashlight around and examine the wooden beams and roof panels for any signs of water marks or mold. Be cautious as you move around, as there might be pooled water on the attic floor.
Keep in mind that water only sometimes takes the most direct path. For instance, a leak might make its way downward to a joint before finding a way out, which then results in a visible ceiling leak. This exit point is often a weak spot in the ceiling, like where a fixture is located, such as a vent or a ceiling light.
This means that finding the exact spot where the roof is leaking can be tricky, even if you locate where the water seems to be entering your attic or crawlspace. However, this step can still be helpful in narrowing down where the water is getting in. It also allows you to create a barrier to prevent the water from reaching your ceiling.
To create this barrier, start by placing a piece of plywood across the wooden beams in your attic or crawlspace. Put a big bucket on top of the plywood to catch any dripping water. Just make sure not to put the bucket directly on the drywall between the beams, as it could break through when it gets full. And remember, you’ll need to go check and empty the bucket regularly.
4. Redirect leaking water using a bottle funnel
If you’d prefer not to keep emptying buckets all the time, here’s a nifty trick using a bottle funnel. This clever solution directs the leak outside, saving you the hassle. It works well indoors, where the ceiling is letting water in, but it’s even more effective in the attic to prevent water damage.
Grab an empty plastic jug or a large bottle to make your roof leak funnel. Cut it in half so you have a wide mouth on one side and a narrower neck on the other. Now, get a hose that’s long enough to stretch from where the roof leak is to a nearby window or exit.
Use strong tape, like duct tape, to attach one end of the hose to the bottle’s narrow neck. Then, use the same tough tape to secure the wide mouth of the funnel right over the leaky spot in your ceiling.
Finally, guide the other end of the hose out through a window or door, and watch the water flow smoothly out of your house.
5. Examine the roof from a distance
Once you’ve temporarily minimized the damage to your house, it’s time to head outside for a better view of the situation.
Following the path of a leak from where it’s coming through your ceiling isn’t always straightforward. Checking out the roof itself can help you piece things together. You might spot possible issues up close, or you might need to step back for a wider view of the whole roof.
Here’s where binoculars can come in handy. You can use them to “zoom in” on your roof from across the street or your yard. This method works best for slanted roofs, as it can be trickier to see the top of a flat roof from the ground.
Sometimes, the signs of damage are pretty clear using this approach—you might spot a fallen tree branch or a missing shingle. Other times, you might need to get a bit closer for a better look to figure out what’s causing the leak.
6. Try to identify the cause of your roof leak
If you’re up for it and feel confident, the next step involves getting on your roof to investigate the issue and find out what’s causing the leak.
For roofs that are very high or have steep slopes, it’s a good idea to leave the climbing to the professionals and wait for their assistance. But if your roof isn’t too high and you have the necessary safety gear, you should look closer.
Once you’re up there, keep an eye out for these potential reasons behind the leak:
- Aging or brittle roofing materials – As time goes on, roofing materials naturally wear down, losing their ability to protect your home from water damage. Search for areas where the roof seems brittle or shows signs of aging, like lifting edges, crumbling sections, or tar that has melted.
- Missing, lifted, or damaged shingles – If your roof has shingles, strong winds, heavy rain, or snow can damage or even lift them off. Examine your shingles to make sure they’re all flat, properly positioned, and not missing. A lifted or missing shingle can let water seep through.
- Pooling water on flat roofs – Waterproof membranes and a slight slope help drain water for flat roofs. But aging or damage can hinder the draining process. Watch out for spots where water is pooling, especially if you have a flat roof. Standing water can lead to leaks.
- Damaged Flashing – Flashing is essential for protecting your home from roof leaks, so worn-out or damaged flashing can lead to leaks. Metal roof flashing is used where the roof transitions or at joints where water flows heavily. Check flashing near dormers, chimneys, skylights, and vents. Look for sections that have moved due to missing nails or lifted due to cracked caulking.
- Debris – If you have recently experienced windy, stormy, and inclement weather, it can litter your roof with leaves, pine needles, and twigs. This debris can trap water against the surface and cause leaks. Look for piles of debris on the roof and larger debris like fallen tree branches that might have punctured the roof.
- Clogged Gutters – Gutters are vital in directing water away from the roof. If they’re blocked by leaves or other debris, water can’t flow properly and might cause a roof leak.
By checking these factors, you’ll be better equipped to identify and address the root cause of your roof leak.
7. Puncture the ceiling
When you notice a bulging area hanging down from your ceiling, it’s a sign that water is gathering on that spot. Even though it might seem odd to make a hole in your ceiling, it’s actually a smart move. If you ignore it, the water could spread and cause more serious harm to the ceiling.
There’s another risk, too – the bulge might burst on its own, leading to an even bigger mess. Gently use a screwdriver to make a hole in the lowest part of the bulge, and place a bucket underneath to catch the water that comes out. Depending on how big the leak is, you might need to make several holes.
8. Cover with a tarp and secure it
If you can’t get your leak fixed immediately, using a tarp is a solid alternative. Put a tarp over the problematic spot when you can safely access your roof. Whether you’ve found a damaged shingle, water pooling, or a fallen tree branch, you’ll need a temporary fix until help arrives. The easiest and most effective way to manage this yourself is by using a tarp (or plastic sheet) along with a couple of two-by-four wooden boards.
First, place the plastic sheet between two boards, sandwich-style. Nail the two boards together on each side, gripping the plastic sheet securely. Now, stretch the sheet taut and lay the boards down to make it flat.
- For flat roofs, lay the tarp evenly over the damaged area with plenty of overhang on all sides. Lay down the boards to keep them in place.
- For slanted roofs, position one set of boards (one side of the tarp) over a peak to anchor it.
When tarping your roof, be gentle and avoid putting too much pressure in one spot. Don’t directly nail or staple the tarp to the roof, which could lead to more leaks.
Make sure the boards are sturdy all around to keep the sheet secure and prevent the wind from lifting it. Loose boards can be risky for both your roof and your neighbors.
After placing the tarp, check on it now and then, especially if you have a flat roof, to ensure water isn’t pooling underneath it.
9. Take photos for documentation
If there’s one thing you should remember when your roof springs a leak, it is this step. Take photos of the damage. Why? Because when you’re ready to make an insurance claim, these pictures will come in handy. Seriously, we can’t stress enough how important this is.
These photos do more than show how badly the roof got hit. They also reveal the other things that got affected – like your TV, computer, furniture, or even your cozy bedding and kitchen stuff. So, click away! Your insurance might be able to not only fix the roof but also replace what you lost.
10. Call a professional roofing company
Sure, tackling DIY projects around the house can be fun, but when it comes to a leaking roof, it’s a different ballgame. Sometimes, sneaky leaks can slip under your radar and cause more headaches down the line. Dealing with a leaky roof is a hefty job, so it’s wise to get help from experts. Waiting too long might just make things worse. You can only manage so much on your own – some things need fixing before the next rain or snowfall.
Professionals in roofing know their stuff. They can fix up the damaged part and even check other areas on your roof that might need some TLC. Reach out to a local roofing company to make sure your roof gets the treatment it deserves. Schedule for an inspection.
11. Get an inspection and let the pros address the problem
When you get a roof inspection, a local roofing expert takes a thorough look at your whole roof. When they come to your place, their first job is to scope out your roof and hunt down that pesky leak.
They’ll examine different spots, like where things poke through your roof and how air flows in your attic. This helps them figure out if your leak is a one-time thing or if your roof is in hot water. Once they’ve checked things out, they’ll decide if a repair will do the trick or if a total roof replacement is needed.
But don’t worry – if your roof isn’t down for the count, they can patch it up and extend its life. If your roof took a beating or is structurally failing, you might need a new one.
12. Keep up with maintenance
Once your roof is patched up and life goes back to normal, there’s still some maintenance to do. Giving your roof regular maintenance is your best bet for steering clear of leaks down the road. Your roof has a tough job – it faces the brunt of the great outdoors. Regular roof maintenance means:
- Checking for any sneaky trees getting too close to your roof. If they are, it’s time for a little trim to keep those limbs and branches at bay.
- Making sure your gutters and downspouts aren’t playing host to leaves and debris. You want them to keep doing their job by moving water away from your house.
- After any rough weather, like a storm, give your roof an inspection. Look out for missing or loose shingles or any penetrations that may cause a leak.
- Keeping an eye out for any cracks in your chimney or roof vents. Don’t forget those vent boots – if they’ve got small cracks, a bit of caulk or tar can give them a temporary fix.
- Spotting and swapping out shingles that have decided to curl up or split.
Weather can be tough on shingles, whether it’s rain, snow, or hail. Give your house a hand by keeping its roof in good shape. And when the time comes, it’s smart to start setting aside some cash for a fresh roof. Being ahead of the game now saves you loads of stress and headaches down the line.