Let us take time to look at the events that shaped modern plumbing throughout history.
The code, dubbed as the “Hoover Code,” was named after then-President Herbert Hoover who did great efforts to initiate the code.
The US Patent Office got overwhelming designs for the water closet. These designs included those made by Charles Neff and Robert Frame, who introduced the now-ubiquitous siphoning toilet.
In 1455 German workers had learned to produce fire hot enough to melt metals (such as iron) and pour them into moldings to create hollow pipes.
The Romans were the ones who developed the aqueduct, the public and private baths, the underground sewer system, and water piping systems. They also made bathrooms luxurious by making the fixtures out of marble, fitted with gold and silver parts.
This ancient toilet bears a faint resemblance to the modern toilet system we have today.
Besides, plastic (specifically PVC or polyvinyl chloride) is also easier and more cost-effective to produce pipes, an excellent replacement to copper.
These piping systems really helped in transporting sewage away from homes and buildings to a proper disposal area.
The first underground sewers were developed after New York City officials got a load of complaints about open sewers, which smelled really stinky.
That’s why the chemical symbol of lead is “Pb” (“plumbum”) in your periodic table of elements.
The ancient Arabs, called the Nabataeans, made great use of each seasonal rains to convey water for their own use by creating aqueducts and piping systems, like the ones you see here in Petra, Jordan.
The Pont du Gard is a Roman aqueduct in Nîmes in southern France. Thought to be built between 40 and 60 AD, the Pont du Gard enabled the aqueduct of Nîmes to cross the Gard river. It is an impressive engineering feat as well as an architectural wonder. It was added to UNESCO World Heritage Site list in 1985.
The large public well and public bathing platforms are found in the archaeological site Harappa, in southern Pakistan. People might have used these platforms for washing clothes as well.
Obviously, one of the oldest plumbing systems were developed by the ancient Egyptians. Their quality of life depended on the rise and fall of the Nile river, which was their main source of water. Engineers created elaborate pipe systems to convey water from the Nile to water their crops, and provide water to residents.
The copper water pipes found in the palace ruins in Indus River Valley, India is one of the oldest known copper water piping. It is about 6000 to 7000 years old. It gives evidence that copper has long been the standard and valuable material for water piping into many commercial buildings and our homes