Different Types of Sanders and their Applications – Which Is the Best Fit for You?

Most woodworks take a lot of time to do. There are also different factors to consider creating a satisfactory product out of the woods. One essential thing to have before you decide to dedicate yourself to doing woodworks is the tools, and one of them is a sander.

You may find many kinds of sanders on the market nowadays, each with its specific function. Unlike other popular equipment used in making wood products, sanders are often known by various regional names, making it more challenging to determine what you’re dealing with at a glance. The similar traits that the majority of sanders make use of sandpaper or a similar material.

These begin at 60 grit and gradually get more delicate as the grit count increases to 100. Starting with 60-micron grains and working your way up to more refined grains will produce a smoother finished product.

Variety of Sanders and Their Application

With all those varieties, here are some common sanders that you probably know or maybe got familiarized with.

1. Disc Sander

This is a unique kind of sander since it is more often associated with power drill attachments, but a table-mounted version is available. These sanders are circular discs that spin when they are attached to the end of a drill or other tool.

Mounted sanders provide a larger surface area than disc sanders since they utilize a wheel instead of a disc and may be used with various grit sizes, depending on the task at hand.

A smooth finish may be achieved on vast areas with the portable version of the disc because of the high rotating speed of the disc. The stationary version works well enough that workers may use it on materials other than wood, such as metals and plastics. It typically includes an adjustable surface that allows you to place your workpiece at different angles.

2. Sander with a belt or Belt Sander

The belt sander is a must-have device in every recent workshop since it utilizes a sanding belt wound around two drums.

The back drum is driven by a motor, while the front drum is free to move.

Belts can be replaced thanks easily to a tension release lever, and most versions also have a tracking adjustment knob to assist in maintaining the belt centered during its use.

3. Corner Sander or Detail Sander

The corner or detail sander, which looks more like an iron than a sander, is a variation of the lightweight orbital sander with a triangle pad and utilizes self-adhesive sandpaper with a specific design. It is also called a triangle sander because of this feature that people can identify quickly.

This little sander may come with a variety of attachments for more specialized or accurate operations. Its unique form enables it to access nooks that a standard sander would not be able to reach otherwise.

The item was made for tucking into corners and maneuvering around tight areas, such as the spindles of a chair leg, among other things.

They may also be used to efficiently sand irregular forms and are an excellent tool for crafts.

4. Drywall Sander

These are typically disc sanders mounted on a tall pole, which gives them the appearance of a metal detector rather than a sander, so workers might often be confused if, indeed, it is a tool for sanding.

Some have the handle mounted near the hub for close-up work, while others have sanding surfaces rectangular.

The majority of models are equipped with a vacuum to gather dust particles.

This kind of drywall sander’s role is to smooth surfaces and remove extra glue from drywall, as the name would suggest. Because most versions have a greater reach, workers may utilize them on ceilings and other high locations that would otherwise need relocating a ladder regularly to reach.

5. The Random Orbital Sander or known as dual action (or DA) sander

The random orbital sander is similar in design to an orbital sander, except that it features a circular pad alternatively from a square pad.

Similar to the tiny circular orbits of an orbital sander, this pad turns around its stem or pole. As an outcome, a reduction of characteristic swirl patterns left behind by conventional orbital sanders to a minimum or perhaps removed entirely is done.

Pads are available in five and six-inch diameters. Depending on the type, you can associate them with pressure-sensitive adhesive discs or discs with a velcro-like surface.

Furthermore, although D-handle and barrel-grip versions are available, the most common form has a one-handed palm grip as its primary grip.

6. Sanding Block

In contrast to the rest of the sanders on this list, the sanding block does not need any electricity, so it is quite the most accessible and convenient to use anywhere. Instead, it refers to a broad category of hand sanders typically utilized with a surface for attaching sandpaper and some handle or grip surface.

The most common grips are a handle that looks like a hand saw, a solid block, a basic bar handle, and an ergonomic palm surface, to name a few.

The foam sanding block is an example of the commonly used sanding block in today’s market.

7. Table Sander

These stationary belt sanders are often equipped with a disc sander as well; that is why it is popular too as a table sander because they are vast and robust. Also, they are available most often in bigger woodworking shops and industrial manufacturing facilities.

Although taut belt types are the most popular, certain woodworking businesses prefer to utilize a belt with some slack for more control.

Some called it bench sander.

8. Floor Sander

Although there are many distinct kinds of sanders in this category, the floor sanders are typically used for stripping and preparing floors, and the point that they are usually bigger in size and bulky. Also, this product is suitable for sanding concrete floors, and the so-called drum floor sanders and edgers are the two most common types of floor sanders.

9. Drum Sander

Like other members of the drum family, a floor drum sander is both heavy and strong, as is the case with all of them, so it is bulky too.

It is usually carried or transported by two persons, and you can rent it from a company because of its size.

Because of the amount of power available, it is possible to lose control of this sander if you are not cautious, resulting in gouge marks on the floor surface. Drum sanders are operated by pushing them forward, much like a lawnmower, and removing paint, glue, and other undesirable material from a surface.

10. Edge Sander

When it comes to flooring refinishing, the second heavy-duty floor sander does the job quickly and efficiently, making it more convenient over time.

These products are available to use when you want to reach areas that a drum sander cannot, such as the edges of floors and stair surfaces, which are otherwise inaccessible. Even though they are somewhat larger than standard drum sanders, they are still much smaller than the floor drum sander and are kept close to the ground and making them favourable to utilize.